Blog

FASHION IN THE DRC (DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO)

Posted by Ange on February 25, 2014 at 8:50 AM

Bold, Bright and Brilliant; just a few words to describe the stunning prints and fabrics used in creating Congolese fashion.

 


 

(Picture by Lisa Clarke)

 

Unlike Western trends, Congolese styles are created to stand out from the crowd, making use of both vibrant hues and striking prints, reflecting African culture.

 

Traditionally Congolese clothing is centred on the wearing of colourful materials referred to as ‘Liputa’. These types of fabrics are worn by both men and women, and can more often than not be found at the local market. They are usually cut into strips from two to six yards in length, and to complete the look are typically worn with a complementing headscarf.

 

‘Liputa’ are sometimes also designed for different purposes, and aimed at certain audiences, for example paying tribute to a leader, marking a special occasion or at a sporting event.

 


 

(Picture by LA BELLE KITOKO)

 

SAPOLOGY

 

Moving away from the wearing of the more traditional Liputa, the 1970’s witnessed a new sub-culture emerging on the streets of Kinshasa known as ‘Les Sapeurs’. ‘Les Sapeurs’ or ‘Sapologists’ refer to a group of dapper looking Congolese gentlemen who dedicate their time and money to dressing strikingly, yet elegantly well.

 

WHERE DID SAPOLOGY ORGINIATE?

 

One of the founders of Sapeur movement and a highly respected figure amongst the Sapeur community is Strevos Niarcos, who sadly died just over 9 years ago. Niarcos strongly promoted, and was deemed by many as the “Father of Sapology”.

 

To this day Sapeurs continue to gather at his graveside in Gombe cemetery in Kinshasa, sporting their most extreme outfits to mark the passing of a highly influential character.

 


 

(Sapeurs gather at Niarcos graveside 10th Feb 2014 picture by Daily Nation)

 

Papa Wemba, first and foremost a talented musician (co-founder of orchestra Zaïko Langa Langa, along with his own group Viva La Musica) also played a vital role in popularising Sapology in the DRC. Having travelled to Europe on many occasions to promote his groups and to perform, Papa Wemba was particularly influenced by European fashion, culture and sense of style.

 


 

(Papa Wemba Picture by Radiookapi @Flickr )

 

A short while after Independence in DRC however, President Mobutu imposed an Authenticity campaign suppressing the freedom of citizens to express themselves through the medium of fashion. Mobuto forced all citizens of the DRC to adhere to the new rules, which forbid the wearing of westernised clothing. This encouraged Wemba to rebel against the majority, and promote Sapeur beliefs through his organisation the Société Ambianceurs et Persons Élégants (The Society for the Advancement of Elegant People thus 'S.A.P.E' for short). Wemba and his group challenged dress code, opposing ‘Re-Africanisation’, bringing Sapology to the forefront of his band and society.

 

The flamboyant Sapeurs have become a part of Congolese culture, and can be seen on a daily basis strutting along on the streets of Kinshasa, as well as neighbouring Congo Brazzaville. These well respected trendsetters have made it across Africa entering into fashion wars with one another in view of gaining the title of “The Best Sapeur in the world”.

 

Sapology has also managed to cross the Mediterranean onto the wider Congolese diaspora (Congo-Kinshasa and Congo Brazzavile) living across the world. In the early 80s and 90s, Belgian and French Medias talked a lot about this phenomenon, following Sapeurs on shopping trips and featuring special programmes on TV to talk about Sapology. Today, Sapology can also be seen on our TV screens here in the UK thanks to the infamous Guinness Advert, featuring Sapeurs from Congo Brazzaville; bringing a bit of this peculiar phenomenon to Britain:

 

[

You need Adobe Flash Player to view this content.

]

 

RULES OF SAPOLOGY

 

Being a Sapeur is much more than just wearing the latest fashion. For most, it is a way of life, a code, even going as far to say a religion. Just as with all religions, in order to be considered a true Sapeur, one must adhere to a certain set of rules, conventions and ideologies.

 

As a general rule all Sapeurs should aim to be polite and abide by the law. They should also be well dressed, fragranced and groomed, wear designer clothes, and sport a clean cut hair design. The aforementioned are the necessary ingredients to being a true Sapeur, however these criteria may vary slightly depending on individual style or preference and even which Congo you are from!

 

Those Sapeurs from Congo Brazzaville in particular tend to stick to wearing no more than three colours/tones at once, excluding white. For them, pocket handkerchiefs are not folded, however stuffed into the blazer pocket effortlessly. Brazzaville Sapeurs prefer to match and accessorise with canes, cigars, umbrellas, scarves, socks suspenders you name it!

 

On the contrary Kinshasa Sapeurs have a tendency to be more garish and daring. For them the more colour clashing there is the better. Sapeurs from the DRC are known for standing out from the crowd with one of the favourite designers being Yohji-Yamamoto, who is known for his bright costumes.

 

During fashion battles most Sapeurs often open their suit jackets abruptly and stomp in an authoritative manner in order to show which brand/label they are wearing. Sapeurs also like to show off their shoes, most of which are usually J.M. Weston, a high-priced French shoemaker.

 

You need Adobe Flash Player to view this content.

 

CONGOLESE FASHION TODAY

 

Today, there are many new designers on the scene. Mamie Kapend, a young fashion designer who moved to Chicago (USA) from the DRC being one of them. Thanks to Kapend, founder of YaSika Mode which translates as “The latest fashion” and others like her, western societies have been able to experience the beautiful, authentic prints and styles that the DRC has to offer.

 

Mamie Kapend whose collection boasts a blend of African patterns and prints mixed with modern lines, cuts and shapes, also, like Wemba, talks of being influenced by her travels across various cities in Europe, Canada and Africa. She explains however that her collection is a symbol of ‘multiculturalism’ offering an “elegant and modern look at African textiles”. Her pieces are created to embody a sense of “Confidence and Elegance”.

 

Kapend made her Debut at Kinshasa fashion week in 2012 and will be opening her online store later this year: www.yasikamode.com


 

IS FASHION/ SAPOLOGY AFFECTING CONGOLESE SOCIETY?

 

We are increasingly seeing more and more of the traditional African/Congolese “Liputa” being adapted to suit western style on the High Street, especially here in the UK. However, in the DRC and neighbouring Congo, dressing traditionally has almost become a thing of the past. Traditional forms of dress are being pushed out, and increasingly substituted by Westernised fashions. Aspiring Congolese author Phillipe Rufano explains that the youth of today are in a sense being brainwashed by popular music, and subcultures, stemming from movements such as Papa Wemba’s S.A.P.E. He states that sadly nowadays a large proportion of the younger generation tend to want to follow western society, forgetting about traditions such as the wearing of the Liputa. He explains that even on special/important occasions many of them (the youth) now tend to turn up in casual clothing. “They strive to have good money to spend on clothes rather than investing in things such as education, reading and their own future. Many are of the mentality that money and branded clothing are everything”.

 

GO SHOPPING:

 

African/Congolese prints can be found in stores such as H&M, Topshop, ASOS.com, RiverIsland and even Primark. Nowadays many African designers, with their modern twists on the traditional 'Liputa' are increasingly being featured on the catwalk; see Congo Fashion Week, Kinshasa Fashion Week and Vouge.co.uk for more.

 

You need Adobe Flash Player to view this content.

 

(Even Solange Knowles (Beyonce's sister) is a fan of the Liputa print and Les Sapeurs!)

 

Want to know more about Congolese fashion? Check out some of the links below featuring up and coming designers, Congolese fashion blogs and more…

 


Links:

 

Congo Fashion Week

 

Congo Fashion House

 

Kinshasa Fashion Week

 

Deolasagoe Fashion Blog

 

La Belle Kitoko

 

ARTICLE WRITTEN ON BEHALF OF THE LISAPO CONGOLESE HERITAGE PROJECT AT C.A.N- Community Arts North West).

 

 

 

Categories: Fashion News , Whats trending, Cool Stuff

Post a Comment

Oops!

Oops, you forgot something.

Oops!

The words you entered did not match the given text. Please try again.

Already a member? Sign In

8129 Comments

Reply ReginaldTatty
10:42 PM on September 21, 2021 
.. ?????.. ????? ???????, ??? ?????????? :) ?? ??????

---
???? ??????? ????! ??? ??? ???? ????????!!!! smapi android, betcity android ? ?????
url=http://fh77051e.bget.ru/index.php?subaction=userinfo&user=up
yxewama says...

???
virtualbox android
Reply RobertNic
10:11 PM on September 21, 2021 
XXX Home Free XXX Porn
XXX Free Porn Tube
XXX Japan Porn Free Japan Porn
XXX Japanese Porn Tube Japan Porn
XXXhome Porn Tube Video
XXXChina Porn Tube
XXX Japanese Porn Tube Japan Porn
Japan Porn Video XXX Japan Porn Tube
https://zh.xxxwww1.com/144
https://zh.xxxwww1.com/100
https://cn.xxxcomvideo.com/103
https://zh.xxxwww1.com/149
https://cn.xxxcomvideo.com/184
https://zh.xxxwww1.com/236
Reply BuyEssayOnline
2:43 AM on September 19, 2021 
Special education dissertation https://www.blogtalkradio.com/nelseaslha


UYhjhgTDkJHVy
Reply Elliottboync
12:42 PM on September 18, 2021 
Vrlo je jednostavno kupiti automobil na nasoj entanglement stranici
url=https://wannabuycar.com says...
https://wannabuycar.com
. Imamo neporecive prednosti u odnosu na trzista automobila i druge cobweb stranice koje postupak kupnje automobila mogu uciniti sto ugodnijim:
- lako i brzo pretrazivanje automobila u gradovima;
- najave o kupnji automobila s opseznim opisom;
- kvalitetna usluga i korisnicka podrska;
- automobil od vlasnika, a ne od preprodavaca.
Reply Jeffreyaball
9:40 PM on September 17, 2021 
url=https://chel-week.ru/4000-chkpz-sokhranjaet-tempy-proizvodst
vennogo-rosta.html says...

???? ????????? ????? ????????????????? ?????.
?? ??????????? ????????-????????? ?????? ????????? ??????????????? ????? ?????????? ???????????? ?? ???????????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????? ISO TS 16949 – «??????? ?????????? ????????? ? ????????????? ??????????????». ???????? ?? ???????? DNV ???????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????????,
Reply Gregoryunert
3:22 PM on September 17, 2021 
????? ???? ??? ?????? ??
url=https://????-????????.?? says...
https://????-????????.??
.
?? ??????: ?????? ????? ??? ?????????, ????? ?? 120 ???.??????, ?? ???? ?? 1 ????.
?? ????????: ?? 7 ???, ?? 5,9%.
Reply Brianseast
11:01 AM on September 16, 2021 
Reply Antoniofuq
10:53 AM on September 16, 2021 
??????? ??????? ????? ???????!
?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????????????? ???????????????? ??????. ???? ??????????? ???????? 15 ??? ?? ????? ???? ????????? ? ????????. ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ???????????, ??????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????????, ???????? ? ???? ???? ??? ????????? ??????? ??????. ???? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????, ????????? ? ?????? ???????????????-????????????? ???????????. ????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ??? ????? ????????????????? ???????? ??? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ???.
https://uc.infinix.club/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=4306201&extr
a=
http://kidstopics.com/topic86313.html#post89104
http://www.voxelpunk.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=4&t=2005&p=80188#p80188
https://la2-2004.aizoo.io/modules.php?name=Forums&file=viewtopic&
p=1547#1547
https://lnwpoolball.com/webboard/index.php?action=profile;u=4688
Reply Antoniomtl
10:48 PM on September 14, 2021 
??????????? ??? ??????!?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????? ??????? ?? ????. ??????? ??????? ? ?????? ????????? ????????????? – ?????? ???????? ???????????? ? ???????? ?? ???? ?????. ?? ????? ????? ???? ???????.? ??? ????????? ??????? ????????, ????????? ?? ?????? ? ????????????.??????????? ???????? ??? ???? ? euroburservice – ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ? ?????? ?????! ??????? ??????????? ???????? ? ??????? ???????, ???????????? ???????????? ??? ????, — ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ??, ?? ? ??????????. ? ???????? – ????? ? ?????????? ???????? ????????????, ??????? ??????????????? ?? ????? ??????????? ? ??????? ????. ?? ????????? ?????? ???? ????? — ?? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ????????? ?????. ?????? ????????????? ???? — ??? ???????????? ????????, ?.?. ????????? ? ??????? ???????? ????????????. ????? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ??????: ?????? ?????? ? ????????, ??????????????? ???????? ??????? (????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????); ????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?? ???????????? (?????????????); ????????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ??? ? ???????.
????????!
http://www.rippedmass.org/forums/anabolic-discussion-forum/2755-m
ajor-sponsor-synthetek-products-472.html#post1053104
http://vfighter.org/forum/4-516-5#23616
https://getmusic.ucoz.ru/index/8-28400
https://www.ips.knietronic.net/index.php?/topic/2251-%D0%B1%D1%83
%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B5-%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%B6%D0%
B8%D0%BD-%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%B4-%D0%BA%D0%BB%D1%8E%D1%87-%D1%86%D0%B5
%D0%BD%D0%B0/
http://gonogovisit.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=6&t=6239
Reply Marymit
1:49 PM on September 14, 2021 
????? ????????

---
??????????? ?????????, ??? ???????? :) ?????? ???????????, ?????????? ?????? ???
url=http://pitaet.ru/forums/user/ogydulik/ says...
???
?????????? ?10
Reply JavierScese
12:08 PM on September 13, 2021 
prescription polarized lenses
url= https://www.kidsrepublik.es/proves.html says...
https://www.kidsrepublik.es/proves.html
online trusted pharmacy https://reductil.alloforum.com backache remedies
Reply Cloriflox
7:13 AM on September 13, 2021 
This page truly has all of the info I wanted about this subject and didn't know who to ask.
Reply Bogdanmdf
5:41 PM on September 12, 2021 
??????? ??????? ????? ????????
url=https://heavydutytool.by/ says...
.

?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? Milwaukee.
?????? ???????? MILWAUKEE (???????)
???? ?????? ??????? ????????????? ????????????? ??????????????????, ?? ?? ??? ?? ????? ????
?? ?????????? ?????????? MILWAUKEE (???????) ?? ??????? ????????????? ?????????????. ??????????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????????, ??? ????????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ? ???.??????? ? ??????????? ???????????????? ??????????? ??? ????? ????? ? ????? ????????? ???????? Milwaukee
??? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ??? ?? ?????
????????!
http://alternatrips.gr/el/users/bogdanyav
http://aoooir.kz/user/Bogdanncp/
http://www.chrono77.com/member.php/207496-Mihaeldai
http://bellevuestellenbosch.co.za/forum/viewtopic.php?pid=1820761
#p1820761
https://www.qrzitaly.com/forum/index.php?/topic/16897-%D0%BA%D1%8
3%D0%BF%D0%B8%D1%82%D1%8C-%D1%81%D0%B2%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BB%D0%BE-%D
0%B1%D1%83%D1%80-%D0%BF%D0%BE-%D0%B1%D0%B5%D1%82%D0%BE%D0%BD%D1%8
3/
Reply DinkeyBoivy
11:44 AM on September 12, 2021 
??? ???????? ???????? ?????

---
??????????!!! ?????? ???? ????!!!! ?????? ?????????? ??????, ????????? ????????? ?????? ?
url=https://trianik.at.ua/index/8-36528 says...
???
?????? ?????????? ????????
Reply Georgeven
9:44 AM on September 12, 2021 
Music has tied us
Keyboards & Pianos
https://fas.st/NNXXI

Drums & Percussion
https://fas.st/Vay4s

String Instruments
https://fas.st/32jbD
Reply agrohimlip
12:22 AM on September 12, 2021 
?????? ????????
url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
.

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
[img]https://i115.fastpic.ru/big/2021/0705/51/9f7b4bc80c6b3090ac
1e44baaa903651.jpg
/url says...
??????? (?????????????) ??????????? ????????? ???????? ???? ?????-???? ??????? ???????. ? ??? ????????? ?????????, ???????, ???????? ? ??????????????. ???????????, ??? ??????????????, ????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ??? ????? ???????? ??????????? ????????. ? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????. ?? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????????????????? ????? ????????. ?? ???????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????, ?? ???????? ?????? – ?????????, ?? ?????????? – ???????? ? ?. ?. ?????????? ??????????? ????????? – ???? ?? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????. ? ??????? ????????? ????? ????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??? ????????? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ????? ??????. ??? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??????.
1)[url=https://agro-himiya.by]????????? ??????? ?????? ? ??????
- ??????????? ????????? ?????? ? ?????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????? 20 ?????, ???? c ??????????? ?????????.
2)
url=https://agro-himiya.by says...
??????????? ????????? ?????? ?????
- ?? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????, ??????????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?????????.
3)
url=https://agro-himiya.by says...
?????????????? ????????? ??????
- ?????? ????? ???????? ?????????? ??????????? ????????? ?? ????????? ????? ???? ? ?????? ????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ????????????.
4)
url=https://agro-himiya.by says...
??????????? ????????? ? ????????
- ?? ????????? ? ???, ????? ??????????????? ???? ?????? ??? ???????? ??????.
??? ????? ??????? ?????? ? ??? ?? ??????????
url=https://agro-himiya.by says...
??????? ??????

?? ???? ???? ??? ???? ????!
url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ?? ?????? ???????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????????? ??????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ??????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ????? ??? ????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????????? ??????????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ?????? ?????? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ????? 52%?2?

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ???? ???????? ????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????? ?????? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? forte

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????????? ????????? ???????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ????? ????????? ????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????????? npk 16 16 16

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????????? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ?????? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ????????? ???????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ??????????? ????????? np 11 37

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???? ????????? ??????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ??????????? ????????? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????????? ????????? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ??????????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ????????? ????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????????? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ????????? ???? ?????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ????????? ???????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ????????? ????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ??????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ???? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ??????????? ??? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ????????? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ?????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ????????? ??????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
???????? ??? ???

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ???????? ????????? ???????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ????????? ????????? ??? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
?????? ????????? ???????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????? ????????? ????? ? ????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??? ???

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
??????????????? ?????????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ????

url=https://agro-himiya.by/ says...
????????? ??????? ??????
Reply navalnyagreext
7:14 PM on September 11, 2021 
? ??? ??? ?????????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????, ? ??? ??????? ??? ??? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ?? ???????? ???????.
???????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ??? ??????, ? ????????? ?? ?????????? ????? ?????? ???? ??????? ???????????-????????????? ????????.
??? ? ???????, ? ??????, ???? ? ????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????, ????? ????????????? ?? ????, ????? ???? ?? ?????????? ??.
??????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????, ? ??? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? "??????????????", ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ??????????? ? ??????.
??????, ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????????? ?????, ??????? ?????? ????? ?? ????, ???? ?? ????? ????? ?? ???????.


url=https://navalny-team.com/ says...
????? ??????????? ???? ??????????? ??????
Reply Jeffreyaball
6:03 PM on September 9, 2021 
url=https://chel-week.ru/401-v-cheljabinskojj-oblasti-jekspertiz
a-tormozit.html says...

? ??????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????, ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ?????.
????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?? ??????. ??????????? ????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????, ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????? ?????. ?? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ????????? ???. ???????????? ??????????, ?? ?????? ?????? ????????,
Reply MichaelTedia
4:15 PM on September 9, 2021 
????? ??????, ??? ????? ??????? ?????? ???????? ??????? ??? ????— ??????? ??????? ? ????? ?? ?????? ? ???? ????? ? ?????? ??? ????? ????— ...


url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-2/ says...
???????????? 32?20?2000 ???????????? 2 ?347

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-45kh30/ says...
???????????? 45?30?2 ????

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-2/ says...
???????????? 32?20?2000 ????

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-60kh32-k235-
k240/ says...

???????????? ?235 60?32?2000

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/shveller-perforirovannyj-s
hp-60kh35-k235/ says...

???????????? ?235
Reply Carrollfeamp
3:24 AM on September 9, 2021 
url=/https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-2/ says...
????????????

url=/https://astra-electric.ru/product/polka-k1164-650mm-ut25-20
mm/ says...

????? 1164

url=/https://astra-electric.ru/product/lotok-neperforirovannyj-l
g300kh200/ says...

????? ??

url=/https://astra-electric.ru/product/lpmztm-400kh50pr-ostec-me
tallicheskij-lotok-400502500/ says...

????? ????? ?

url=/https://astra-electric.ru/product-category/perfoprofili/ says...
????????????


url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-60kh32-k235-
k240/ says...

???????????? ?240 60?32?2000

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-60kh32-k235-
k240/ says...

???????????? ???????????? 60?32?2000??

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-45kh30/ says...
???????????? 45?30?1 5 ???

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-2/ says...
???????????? 50?50

url=https://astra-electric.ru/product/perfoshveller-2/ says...
???????????? 32?20?2000


http://www.mengsns.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=1127428
http://www.globalvision2000.com/forum/member.php?action=profile&u
id=69916
http://stock98.com.tw/discuz/home.php?mod=space&uid=113028
http://rozetkarok.ru/index.php?subaction=userinfo&user=MMordela
http://myotpusk.com/users/taxiHoaws
https://fifaplanet.de/member.php/156879-Bathroomstip
https://www.forum.7feetshipping.com/user-929.html
http://poznanie.com.ua/forum/user/323633/
https://www.nopistons.com/members/bathroomsrox-44519/
https://paladinscounter.com/users/CleanSlobby

http://forum.fcmn.co.il/member.php?action=profile&uid=33313
https://www.becrafted.de/forum/index.php?members/bathroomscaw.504
9/
http://forum.aunbox.com/member.php?180012-Bathroomssam
https://forex-arabic.com/member.php?76181-BathroomsZon
https://www.sdsdsoft.com/upload/home.php?mod=space&uid=289727

http://bbs.qyhs.xn--fiqs8s/home.php?mod=space&uid=1842
https://g1.gamesrepack.com/user/Prenty/
http://rusforum.com/member.php?u=1336503
http://saubier.com/forum/member.php?u=125309
http://www.xn---125-43dbeaur0afbeca0ap0aun2g.xn--p1ai/users/MSNYC
driept
http://ucflower.tw/home.php?mod=space&uid=97942
http://chanjingzx.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=37313
http://ikeynote.cn/home.php?mod=space&uid=1751164
http://cbsprk.ru/forum/memberlist.php?mode=viewprofile&u=328168
https://paladinscounter.com/users/CleanSlobby

https://www.forum.7feetshipping.com/user-3756.html
https://www.wordcreak.ru/users/taxiboike
https://www.v6power.net/vb/member.php?u=84748
https://www.forum.7feetshipping.com/user-3756.html
http://ball88.net/bong88/profile.php?id=340754

http://www.booktrailers.ru/users/Cleanerall
http://www.sanmaobbs.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=64572
https://webrambo.ru/user/MMSowlers/
http://zanadu.ru/index.php
http://israelbody.com/member.php?u=33461

http://www.ra-journal.ru/board/member.php?108704-BathroomsRer
http://ahsyw.net/home.php?mod=space&uid=30488
http://uselessrecords.com/forum/index.php?action=profile;u=92746
https://www.iranhsk-co.com/forums/member.php?action=profile&uid=4
986
http://www.servicenavin.com/proviews3_forum/profile.php?id=35271

https://tereveni.org/user/83238/
http://csxfc.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=59914
https://indo.mt5.com/member.php?10051929-Bathroomsler
http://david1973.m1.mydnns.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=115205
https://www.forum.7feetshipping.com/user-2277.html

http://www.theanglersforum.co.uk/forums/member.php?110869-gaidopp
ella
http://filecivil.ir/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=3143
https://forex-arabic.com/member.php?78268-erapsudgess
http://music-rock.ru/member.php?u=24545
http://chanjingzx.com/home.php?mod=space&uid=38953

http://forum.d-dub.com/member.php?45563-Bathroomsvaf
http://www.fiatforever.com/members/167188-Bathroomslah
http://forum.aunbox.com/member.php?180012-Bathroomssam
http://skiindustry.org:/forum/member.php?action=profile&uid=94450

http://saubier.com/forum/member.php?u=125309

https://www.becrafted.de/forum/index.php?members/bathroomscaw.504
9/
http://anima-rpg.com:/member.php?action=profile&uid=44943
https://www.becrafted.de/forum/index.php?members/bathroomscaw.504
9/
http://music-rock.ru/member.php?u=24545
https://www.wssddc.com/smf/index.php?action=profile;u=16026

https://www.becrafted.de/forum/index.php?members/bathroomscaw.504
9/
https://go.aupeopleweb.com.au/home.php?mod=space&uid=42221
https://www.becrafted.de/forum/index.php?members/bathroomscaw.504
9/
https://www.atlasinstallers.com/author/cleansmoock/
http://xl-chat.ru/forum/index.php?members/bathroomsdup.116/

Oops! This site has expired.

If you are the site owner, please renew your premium subscription or contact support.